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public health

Hypertension and Life Style Modification

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in arteries is persistently higher than what normally it should be.Each year on May 17th, World Hypertension Day is observed to acknowledge the disease’s burden on health of a significant population of the world

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Infant immunisation: Safe, effective and essential

Infants are extremely vulnerable to infections; that is why it is so important to protect them via immunisation. Infant immunisation is a process to build active immunity in infants and toddlers against disease for a better chance of survival.

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World Malaria Day 2019: Zero malaria starts with me

World Malaria Day is celebrated on 25 April, with the aim of highlighting the need for continued commitment toward malaria prevention, control, and elimination. This year’s theme is “Zero malaria starts with me

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The Rise of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) should be a thing of the past, something only our elders feared and died of. However, TB is still one of the top ten causes of death worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about a third of the world’s population is infected with the organism that causes TB - mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nonetheless, only 10% of those infected will go on to develop TB, with the majority of cases likely to occur within two years. Over the course of a year,

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Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease in the Pacific Island Countries

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a significant and common health problem in most Pacific island countries and worldwide. CVDs are the number one cause of death in the world. In the Western Pacific region, there is a 16.2% chance of dying of a CVD, cancer or diabetes between the ages of 30 and 70.Some of the most common types of CVDs include heart attacks, raised blood pressure, stroke and heart failure.

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How can education help us achieve Universal Health Coverage?

Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a state where citizens can access health care services without incurring financial hardship. This means that all people and communities have access to quality promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health services that they need. The three pillars of UHC are equity in access, quality of service,

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“I am and I will” – Taking Personal Action against Cancer | World Cancer Day

Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide, with 9.6 million people dying from the disease each year (Bray et. al., 2018). Monday 4th February is World Cancer Day when individuals and organisations unite to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer. Led by the Union of International Cancer Control, the day specifically aims to rally the international community to raise awareness of the disease and encourages its prevention, detection and treatment.

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Betel nut use in the Pacific

Betel nut is the fourth most commonly used psychoactive substance in the world after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine. Its main active psychoactive component, called arecoline, is thought to cause adverse health effects. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) stated that the betel nut is a carcinogen

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