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pacific health

HIV and AIDS - A Unique Dilemma

Human immunodeficiency viruses are members of the retrovirus family, originating from the simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) of primates. HIV-1 in humans is derived from SIV of chimpanzees; HIV-2 in humans is derived from SIV of Sooty mangabey monkeys. Unlike other viral invasions, unfortunately, complete removal of HIV is impossible and once it has invaded, it remains in patients’ body forever.

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World Malaria Day 2019: Zero malaria starts with me

World Malaria Day is celebrated on 25 April, with the aim of highlighting the need for continued commitment toward malaria prevention, control, and elimination. This year’s theme is “Zero malaria starts with me

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The Rise of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) should be a thing of the past, something only our elders feared and died of. However, TB is still one of the top ten causes of death worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about a third of the world’s population is infected with the organism that causes TB - mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nonetheless, only 10% of those infected will go on to develop TB, with the majority of cases likely to occur within two years. Over the course of a year,

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Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease in the Pacific Island Countries

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a significant and common health problem in most Pacific island countries and worldwide. CVDs are the number one cause of death in the world. In the Western Pacific region, there is a 16.2% chance of dying of a CVD, cancer or diabetes between the ages of 30 and 70.Some of the most common types of CVDs include heart attacks, raised blood pressure, stroke and heart failure.

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Betel nut use in the Pacific

Betel nut is the fourth most commonly used psychoactive substance in the world after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine. Its main active psychoactive component, called arecoline, is thought to cause adverse health effects. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) stated that the betel nut is a carcinogen

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