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Geography and demographics

Tuvalu is a South Pacific country located at an equal distance between Hawaii and Australia. The country is comprised of nine atolls, of which Funafuti, the capital, is most populated. Tuvalu currently has a population of approximately 11,150 and its total land area is around 26 km2.


Tuvalu gained its independence from the United Kingdom in October 1978. Since then, it has been a constitutional monarchy, with a parliament and Prime Minister that are elected every four years.


As an island nation, Tuvalu’s economy primarily revolves around the ocean. The majority of Tuvaluans work on ships and tuna boats, and are known for providing some of the highest quality seafaring training in the world. The currency of Tuvalu is the Australian Dollar, however, Tuvaluan dollars in the form of notes and coins are also in circulation.


As the most populated island in Tuvalu, Funafuti receives the most tourists. The country is particularly popular for eco-tourism, and the Funafuti reserve contains over 20 square kilometers of coral reef, lagoons and untouched uninhabited islands. Due to its isolation, Tuvalu’s marine wildlife is some of the most unique and untouched in the world.

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General Information

Official Name Tuvalu
Capital Funafuti
Official Languages Tuavulan, English
Area 26 km2
Population 10,640
Currency Tuvaluan Dollar, Australian Dollar

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