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Kingdom of Tonga

Capital

Nukuʻalofa

Official Languages

Tongan, English

Area

748 km2 (289 sq mi)

Population

103,036

Currency

Pa’anga

Geography and demographics

The Kingdom of Tonga is located in the southern Pacific Ocean, approximately 900km south of Samoa and approximately 700 km east-southeast of Fiji. Tonga is comprised of over 170 islands and islets, of which around 36 are inhabited. Tonga is governed by a constitutional monarchy. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is elected by the Parliament and appointed by the Monarch. In 2013, Tonga was classified as an upper-middle income country with a gross national income (GNI) per capita of US$ 4240.The primary sector including subsistence farming as well as agricultural, forestry and fishery exports forms the backbone of Tonga’s economy. Tourism is hoped to hold significant economic potential for Tonga as has been the case in Fiji and Samoa.

Politics

Tonga is a constitutional monarchy, the only governance system of its kind in the Pacific. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is elected by the Parliament and appointed by the Monarch. This has 26 seats, of which approximately 17 are elected through popular vote, while the others are elected from among the nobles.

Economy

Tonga is a constitutional monarchy, the only governance system of its kind in the Pacific. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is elected by the Parliament and appointed by the Monarch. This has 26 seats, of which approximately 17 are elected through popular vote, while the others are elected from among the nobles.

Tourism

The tourism industry in Tonga is steadily growing. It is well-known for its whale watching, and swimming with humpback whales is a popular tourist activity. Other adventure sports include snorkelling, diving, kayaking, kite surfing, sailing, and fishing. For more leisurely activities, tourists can visit Tonga’s pristine beaches, explore its rich cultural history through its traditional villages, or go on a bird watching tour.

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Focal Point

Simaima Filiai

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