(11,000 sq. mi)
Solomon Island dollar
Geography and demographics
Solomon Islands is a South Pacific country comprised of more than 900 islands and atolls. It shares ocean borders with Papua New Guinea to the west and Vanuatu to the east. English is the country’s official language, however most people speak Solomon Pijin. Solomons Islands has been a constitutional monarchy and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, headed by Queen Elizabeth II, since attaining independence in 1978. The country is a parliamentary democracy with a unicameral national Parliament comprising 50 members elected every four years, whose majority elect the Prime Minister. The economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture supplemented by cash cropping (cocoa and palm oil), fishing, forestry and mining.
The Solomons became independent in 1978, but remain a Commonwealth country today, with Queen Elizabeth as the Head of State. The country has 50 members of parliament, elected every four years, whose majority elect the Prime Minister.
The economy of the Solomons is largely based on the export of commodities. This includes timber, fish, palm oil, cocoa and timber. Tourism is an important service industry, and the agricultural sector is also significant. The country’s currency is the Solomon Islands Dollar.
From beautiful beaches to rich history, there is much to see and do in the Solomon Islands. Its culture dates back thousands of years, with ancient ceremonial sites and WWII relics. Often called “the Amazon of the oceans”, the Solomons’ dense jungle and mountains make for ideal trekking and exploration. For more relaxation time, the many islands and beaches offer a number of eco-lodges and resorts to suit all kinds of travellers. Other activities include kayaking, swimming, snorkelling, diving and surfing.
In common with other Pacific nations at a similar stage of development, the Solomon Islands is in the early stages of epidemiological transition and currently faces a double disease burden with a high prevalence of communicable diseases and growth in non-communicable diseases. Communicable diseases, particularly malaria and dengue, continue to be a challenge. Sedentary lifestyles with changing dietary intake are contributing to a steady increase in obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other associated complications. The health system has also had to grapple with frequent natural disasters and the effects of climate change.
The physical health network in Solomon Islands is made up of a National Referral Hospital, provincial hospitals, area health centres, rural health clinics and nurse aide posts. Most of the provinces have access to at least one level of health facility, based on the size and distribution of their population
The Solomon Islands is served by a well-trained nursing workforce which provides the backbone of service delivery in rural areas. In 2012, there were 1687 health workers in the public sector. Due to nurses making up the majority of health workers, over half the workforce is female. As much as 84% of the health workforce is aged between 30 and 55 years. Health services are provided through its nurse-led primary health care system, with referral to doctors based in larger provincial hospitals, or the National Referral Hospital. This workforce model meets WHO guidance on efficient workforce structures, and serves Solomon Islands well as it is cost-effective and able to retain high numbers of nurses in provincial areas.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
The Ministry of Health and Medical Services (MHMS)is responsible for most of the health-care services in the country (over 97% of all health workers are in the public sector). As the main funder, regulator and provider of the system, the MHMS is the central actor in the Solomon Islands health system and has overall responsibility for improving health outcomes.
Solomon Islands joined WHO on 4 April 1983 as a Member State. It is covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific, and a WHO Country Liaison Officer was designated in March 1981.
Representative in the Solomon Islands: Dr Huseynova Sevil
Postal address: World Health Organization P.O. Box 22 Honiara, Solomon Islands
Telephone: (677) 22053 or 23406
HEALTH TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
There are three nursing schools in the Solomon Islands made up of one publicly owned school at the Solomon Islands College of Higher Education (SICHE) and two church-run schools, Atoifi and Helena Goldie.
Atoifi Adventist Hospital School of Nursing is a regional training school in Malaita run by the Seventh Day Adventist (SDA) church, since 1975, has offered a three-year Diploma in Nursing.
The Helena Goldie College of Nursing (HGCON) in Western Province offers a Diploma in Nursing
Solomon Islands National University (SINU) has four campuses across the Solomon Islands: Kukum, Panatina, Ranadi and Poitete. SINU’s health-related programmes are within the fields of nursing and public health. http://www.sinu.edu.sb/SNAHS/snahsProgrammesCourses.html
Nursing Council of the Solomon Islands: Nursing Council Act 1987, 5 – Functions. (a). To arrange and regulate examinations and courses for the training of nurses, midwives and auxiliary nurses and for persons wishing to be registered as nurses, midwives and auxiliary nurses. (h). to approve training courses run by institutions for nurses, midwives and auxiliary nurses.
Nursing Council of Solomon Islands (NCSI)
c/o Ministry of Health and Medical
PO Box 349
Tel : +677 20830
Fax: +677 21344
Medical and Dental Practitioners Act 1988 established the Medical and Dental Board whose responsibilities include 2: b “to regulate training for provisionally registered medical and dental practitioners in accredited public hospitals, c. to appoint examines to conduct examinations or otherwise of otherwise examine persons for registration as a medical or dental practitioner.
Ministry of Health & Medical Services (MHMS)
Medical Council of Solomon Islands
SOLOMON ISLANDS–WHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2018–2022
Country health profile
Access Solomon Islands country profile (CHIPS 2015-2016)
Access UHC and SDG country profile
Health Profiles – Solomon Islands, Health Financing
Health Service Delivery Profiles
Human resources for health country profiles
National immunization data – EPI summaries by country
NCD country profiles
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