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Geography and demographics

Samoa is a South Pacific country comprised of nine islands. Of these, four are inhabited, and the total land area amounts to approximately 2,800 km2. It has a population of approximately 192,000 people and its capital, Apia, is also its most populous city. Samoa has two official languages: English and Samoan.


Samoa gained its independence from New Zealand in 1962. Today, it is a parliamentary democracy, with a national legislative assembly made up of 49 members. Its head of state is elected every five years by universal suffrage.


The main domestic sectors in Samoa are tourism, services, and agriculture. The majority of Samoans are employed in subsistence agriculture and local commerce, and agricultural products are a primary export. These include coconut oil, copra, cocoa beans and bananas. The currency is the Samoan tala.


Samoa is an adventure lover’s paradise, with water activities on offer such as diving, surfing, snorkelling, kayaking and fishing. Other popular sports with tourists include golfing, rugby, and volleyball. Visitors can even hire a bike and explore the islands on their own. For a more relaxed atmosphere, there are a number of cultural activities on offer, such as visits to traditional villages, or simply winding down with a massage at one of the numerous relaxation spas.

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Focal Point

Vaelei Apelu Ioasa

Vaelei is the POLHN focal point for Samoa. She also currently works for the Ministry of Health as a senior health policy analyst in the strategic planning, policy and research division.






General Information

Official Name Independent State of Samoa
Capital Apia
Official Languages Samoan
Area 2,842 km2
Population 192,342
Currency Tala

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