Geography and demographics
Niue is a South Pacific island country covering some 260 km2
. It has a population of approximately 1,500 people and its capital city of Alofi is also its most populous. Its two official languages are Niuean and English.
Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand. This means that New Zealand conducts most diplomatic relations on Niue’s behalf, and that the reigning monarch in Great Britain is the head of state. Its legislative assembly serves as parliament, which consists of 20 elected members. The Cabinet of Ministers is the most important body within this, the head of which is the Premier.
Agriculture is the primary contributor to Niue’s economy, where subsistence farming is most popular. Its biggest export crops are taro, vanilla and noni. Other important sectors are fisheries and tourism. Niue uses the New Zealand dollar as its currency.
Dolphin and whale watching are some of Niue’s most popular tourist activities. The island is also home to a number of water sports, including fishing, sailing, yachting, snorkelling, and diving. There is much to do on land as well, from exploring ancient limestone caves to scenic walks through dense rainforests and jagged coral pinnacles. For a more cultural experience, tourists will get the most from visiting during the period of village festivals, where an abundance of dance, food and arts provides a thoroughly traditional and invigorating experience.