Republic of Nauru
(8.1 sq mi)
Geography and demographics
The Republic of Nauru is an island country located in Micronesia in the Central Pacific. It gained its independence from Australia, New Zealand and British-administered United Nations trusteeship in 1968. Nauru is the smallest country in the Pacific Ocean and is one of the world’s smallest democratic states. Nauru has a parliamentary system of government. The president is elected by Parliament from among its members and is head of state and head of government. Parliamentarians are elected by popular vote for a three-year period. The unicameral Parliament of Nauru consists of 19 elected members. Nauru’s major economic activity is phosphate mining, however in recent years this has declined. It also grows a number of varieties of tropical fruit.
Nauru is one of the world’s smallest democratic states. It is a republic, and its parliament is elected every three years by popular vote.
Nauru’s major economic activity is phosphate mining, however in recent years this has declined. It also grows a number of varieties of tropical fruit. Its currency is the Australian Dollar (AUD).
Nauru’s coral reef makes it an ideal location for tourism. While it does not receive many international visitors, its diverse marine means Nauru is a perfect country to visit for SCUBA diving, fishing and snorkeling.
Nauru, like other Pacific islands, faces a triple public health burden of communicable diseases, NCDs and the health impacts of climate change. Although there have been some improvements in the past 10 years, TB and leprosy programmes continue to report new cases. In addition, outbreaks of diarrhoeal illness or typhoid fever still occur. NCDs are the main cause of premature mortality and morbidity, contributing to a shorter life expectancy compared to other Pacific island countries. The four key risk factors are: tobacco use, alcohol use, unhealthy diets and lack of physical activity, which are contributing to high rates of obesity, diabetes and raised blood pressure.
The Government of Nauru provides health-care services to all citizens. Primary health care and public health services are managed by the Division of Public Health at the Naeoro Public Health Centre, and curative services are provided by the Republic of Nauru hospital. Services include medical, surgical, and dental specialities, alongside haemodialysis, laboratory, radiological, physiotherapy and pharmaceutical services.
Preventive and curative health services have difficulties in coping with climate change and the increase in NCDs. To achieve more effective health service delivery, the health workforce needs to be improved in terms of numbers, quality and diversity.
Nauru, an island in the Central Pacific Ocean, joined WHO on 9 May 1994. In 1968, the Republic gained its independence from Australia, New Zealand and British-administered UN trusteeship.
It is covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific.
The WHO Representative in the South Pacific:
Dr Corinne Capuano
Level 4 Provident Plaza One Downtown Boulevard 33 Ellery Street, Suva, Fiji
P.O. Box 113, Suva, Fiji
(679) 3304600 & 3234100 (general line)
(679) 3234166 and 3234177
Health training institution
The University of the South Pacific has a campus in Nauru, and is also a partner of POLHN, offering online and remote courses for health care workers.
USP Campus Nauru
Private Bag, Nauru Post Office, Nauru 00674
Phone: (674) 444 – 3774
Fax: (674) 444 – 3774
Nauru Health Professional training institute (NHPTI)
Programme in nursing and public health
Nauru has affiliations with Fiji, Solomon Islands, Kiribati and Papua New Guinea for the training in Bachelor of Nursing programmes. The Ministry of Health offers in-service training which provides a Nursing Certificate but it is not recognized outside of Nauru.
The Health Practitioners Registration Board is under the auspices of the Ministry for Health covering doctors, nurses, midwives and dentists. The Board was established to regulate the practice of health practitioners and to provide for their registration.
WHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2018-2022: Nauru
Country health profile
Access Nauru country profile (CHIPS 2015-2016)
Access UHC and SDG country profile
Health Profiles – Nauru, Health Financing
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