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Territory of Guam

Capital

Hagåtña

Official Languages

English, Chamorro

Area

540 km2
(210 sq mi)

Population

169,500

Currency

United States dollar (USD)

Health overview

NCDs and communicable diseases were identified as important health challenges in Guam. The rate of NCDs continues to increase and many people suffer from heart disease or diabetes. In 2014, around half of deaths in Guam were attributed to heart disease (31%) and cancers (18%) such as lung and cervical cancer. Tobacco use is a major risk factor for these NCDs. Incidence of TB also remains high.

Health infrastructure

Guam Memorial Hospital, which is located in the village of Tamuning, provides a broad range of health-care services to residents and people from neighbouring islands. The United States Naval Hospital in Guam provides health services primarily to military personnel, but it also provides voluntary services to the civilian community. The Guam Regional Medical City, a private hospital, started its service in 2015 in the north of Guam.

Health workforce

WHO

In May 1953, Guam was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding its sovereignty'' as an area. It is represented by the United States of America.
Guam was covered by the WHO Representative Office in Singapore from 1 January 1957 after the Office was established in May 1956.
It was covered by the WHO Representative Office in Taipei, China (Taiwan) from 1959 to 30 June 1972, when the Office was closed. Responsibility over Guam was transferred to the Regional Office in 1972 and to the WHO Representative Office in Suva, Fiji in 1976. On 1 January 1980, the responsibility for dealing with WHO activities in Guam was transferred from the WHO Programme Coordinator in Suva, Fiji to the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific under the Office of the Director, Programme Management.

Health training institutions

Guam health education revolves around three centres for higher education: the University of Guam, Pacific Islands University and Guam Community College. All offer courses at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
The University of Guam (UOG) is the island’s largest university, as well as one of the biggest of the Pacific Islands. It currently offers programmes in Nursing and Health Sciences. The university is also a partner of POLHN, offering courses via distance learning to people across the Pacific.

University of Guam (Unibetsedȧt Guahan)
UOG Station
Mangilao, Guam 96923
https://www.uog.edu/
Programme in Nursing and Health Sciences
https://www.uog.edu/schools-and-colleges/school-of-nursing-and-health-sciences/degree-programs

Guam Community College offers a number of courses and extra training for people seeking to further their skills. This program is entitled Continuing Education and Workforce Development. Courses are available in person at the College and via distance, as well as health certificates, online training and room rental.

Accrediting bodies

Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC)
33 Airport Boulevard, Suite 200
Burlingame, CA 94010-2009
Phone 650 696-1060
mail@acswasc.org
https://www.acswasc.org/

Geography and demographics

Guam is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States of America located in the western Pacific Ocean. The majority of people live in the northern part of the island. Guam is one of five Pacific island jurisdictions of the US with a civilian government and a governor elected by popular vote. Guam’s economy is forecasted to continue a moderate expansionary trend, driven by military-related activities, tourism, construction, transhipment services, food processing and textiles.

Politics

Guam is served by a governor, who is elected by popular vote. Guamanians also elect 15 senators to serve in the island’s legislature. The island is also represented by a delegate in the United States House of Representatives.

Economy

Tourism is the primary contributor to the economy of Guam. In addition to this, it receives funding from the US treasury, due to the fact that the US armed forces own a significant proportion of its land. Fisheries and industrial production of petroleum and textiles also have an important positive economic impact. The US Dollar is used as currency.

Tourism

Guam receives a large number of tourists year-round, particularly from Japan, Korea and mainland US. It is popular for its beaches and white sand, and offers a number of ocean-based activities for visitors such as diving, surfing, snorkeling, jet skiing, parasailing, and dolphin watching. The island also has a number of historical sites, hotel resorts and popular restaurants with a wide variety of cuisines.

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Focal Point

Bertha Taijeron

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