Territory of Guam
(210 sq mi)
United States dollar (USD)
Geography and demographics
Guam is a self-governing territory of the United States of America, located in the Western Pacific. It has a population of some 161,000 people, and Guamanians are American citizens by birth. With an area of 544 km2, it is the largest island in Micronesia. Its capital is Hagatna and its official languages are English and Chamorro.
Guam is served by a governor, who is elected by popular vote. Guamanians also elect 15 senators to serve in the island’s legislature. The island is also represented by a delegate in the United States House of Representatives.
Tourism is the primary contributor to the economy of Guam. In addition to this, it receives funding from the US treasury, due to the fact that the US armed forces own a significant proportion of its land. Fisheries and industrial production of petroleum and textiles also have an important positive economic impact. The US Dollar is used as currency.
Guam receives a large number of tourists year-round, particularly from Japan, Korea and mainland US. It is popular for its beaches and white sand, and offers a number of ocean-based activities for visitors such as diving, surfing, snorkeling, jet skiing, parasailing, and dolphin watching. The island also has a number of historical sites, hotel resorts and popular restaurants with a wide variety of cuisines.
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