Geography and demographics
The Republic of Fiji is a South Pacific country with a population of around 854,000 people. An archipelago of 830 volcanic and coral islands, its total area is around 18,000 km2
. The capital, Suva, is located on the main island of Viti Levu. The nation has three official languages: English, Fijian and Fiji Hindi.
Fiji became independent from the United Kingdom in 1970. Today, it is a parliamentary democracy where the Prime Minister is the head of government and the President is the head of state. The parliament of Fiji is unicameral, with 50 members that are elected every four years.
Tourism is one of the main contributors to the Fiji’s economy and is its main source of foreign exchange. Other aspects of the service sector are also successful, such as finance and transport. Merchandise exports such as water, sugar and fish also play an important role, and agriculture is also an important source of income. Fiji’s currency is the Fijian Dollar.
Fiji is famous for its abundance of coral reefs, and is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkelling. Other outdoor activities include sailing, surfing, caving and hiking. Fiji’s year-round tropical weather means that its white sandy beaches can be visited in any season. To experience some of the incredible marine life, there is bird watching, diving with sharks and snorkelling with sea turtles. For those more interested in cultural heritage, Fiji’s local villages and traditional arts and handicrafts offer something for everyone.