Geography and demographics
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a Pacific Island nation made up of four states: Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae. Together, they make up approximately 607 islands, with a total land area of some 702 km2
. It has a total population of around 103,000 people, the majority of which lives in Chuuk. Its capital, Palikir, is located on the island of Pohnpei. The official language is English.
FSM is in a free association agreement with the US, meaning that the latter has responsibility over the nation’s defence. It is governed by a President, who is elected every four years by four senators from the FSM Congress. This is made up of a single house, and has fourteen senators in total.
The principal contributors to Micronesia’s economy are tourism, construction and fish processing. Phosphate mining and subsistence farming are also significant economic activities. The United States Dollar is used as currency.
Micronesia’s remoteness and sheer number of diverse islands makes it a unique destination in a variety
of ways. For marine activities, FSM offers surfing, kayaking, wreck diving and fishing. To see more nature, there are jungle hikes and island treks, bird watching, and national parks. For a more cultural experience, there are a number of old battlefields and ancient ruins, as well as a vibrant local cuisine.