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American Samoa

Geography and demographics

American Samoa is a territory of the United States, located in the south-western Pacific. Made up of five main islands and two coral atolls, it covers a total land area of 199 km2.  The largest and most populated island, Tutuila, is also where the capital of Pago Pago is located. The total population is approximately 69,000 people, and the two official languages are Samoan and English.


As a territory of the United States, American Samoa’s civil, judicial and military powers lie with the President of the US. The governor is its head of government and also holds the executive power. Along with the Lieutenant Governor, he or she is elected every four years by popular vote. The legislative assembly – or Fono – is made up of a Senate of 18 members and a House of Representatives of 21 members.


American Samoa’s largest export is canned tuna, the majority of which is imported by the United States. The other main employers are the public and private sectors, with the manufacturing of handicrafts also contributing to the economy. The United States Dollar is used as currency.


American Samoa is known for its nature: pristine beaches, dense jungle and vast national parks. Tourists can enjoy all these beautiful islands have to offer through activities such as hiking, trekking, swimming and snorkelling. From rainforests and mountains to museums and beaches, American Samoa offers a diverse range of things to see and do.

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Focal Point

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Jasmay is the POLHN focal point for American Samoa.






General Information

Official Name Territory of American Samoa
Capital Pago Pago
Official Languages English Samoan
Area 199 km2 (77 sq mi)
Population 54,194
Currency United States Dollar

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