Antibiotic Guidelines - Free Online CPD Courses | POLHN

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Guidelines for Antibiotics Use

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The course is based upon the Antibiotic Drug Guidelines (3rd Edition, 2011), formulated by Fiji's Ministry of Health. The guidelines essentially represent an attempt to rationalize the use of antibiotics available on Fiji's Essential Drugs Formulary (EMF), and to establish pharmacological consistency in the treatment of various infectious diseases. All recommended therapies are either evidence-based or universally accepted. However, it should be noted that treatments may vary according to individual clinical features presenting for a patient, and therefore, should be modified to suit local conditions and environment.

The main aim of the course is to present the existing information (Antibiotic Drug Guidelines) in a more user-friendly manner through the breakdown of information into easy to manage modules. Moreover, in order to enhance the learning experience of the user (health worker/student), and to ensure a superior visual experience, relevant infographics and images related to disease conditions have been added where possible.

Key Features of the Course

After completion of the course, the students shall be able to understand:

  • Cardiovascular System Infections
  • Respiratory Tract Infections (Upper and Lower)
  • Gastrointestinal and Intra-Abdominal Infections
  • Central Nervous System Infections
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Septicemia & Generalized Infections
  • Non-Surgical (Medical) Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Malaria
  • Female Genital Tract and Obstetric Infections
  • Sexually-transmitted Infections (STIs)
  • Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Skin, Muscle and Bone Infections
  • Eye Infections
  • Dental Infections
  • Infections in Children
  • Special Infections
  • Treatment of Tuberculosis
  • Opportunistic Infections of HIV
  • Treatment of Anaphylaxis
  • Antibiotic Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding


The main aim of the course is to present the existing information (Antibiotic Drug Guidelines) in a more user-friendly manner through the breakdown of information into easy to manage modules. Moreover, in order to enhance the learning experience of the user (Health worker/Student) and for a superior visual experience, relevant infographics and images related to disease conditions have been added where possible.The course has been divided into 22 modules, and the successful completion of all 22 modules is mandatory for the award of certificate. If you have any queries, please feel free to raise them in the discussion forum. 
Module 1 provides a general introduction to antimicrobials (antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal agents), available on Fiji's Essential Drugs Formulary.
Module 2 provides general guidelines for the responsible use of antibiotic drugs. You will also learn about the prudent use principles for antibiotics, treatment guidelines and prophylactic use of antibiotics.
Module 3 discusses the bacterial/infective endocarditis. Moreover, empirical therapy, specific therapy, and monitoring of antibiotic therapies associated with endocarditis are discussed.
Module 4 explores acute upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory tract infections.
Module 5 explores the infections like candidial esophagitis, diarrheal diseases, bacterial infections, parasitic infections, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, typhoid/paratyphoid fever, intra-abdominal infections, Helicobacter pylori Infections, and worms (helminths).
This module considers acute bacterial meningitis, brain abscess, epidural abscess, herpes simplex encephalitis, and toxoplasma encephalitis.
The main purpose of this module is to focus on the urinary infections like lower and upper urinary tract infections, recurrent urinary tract infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infection. Module 7 also provides information about asymptomatic bacteriuria, chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute epididymo-orchitis, and candiduria.
Module 8 explores empirical therapy in scenarios, where no obvious source of infection is found and when there is a clinically-apparent source is present.
In module 9, you will learn about immunization of hepatitis B, HIV post needle-stick injury prophylaxis, meningococcal and Hemophilus influenzae meningitis. This module will also briefly describe the prevention of recurrence of rheumatic fever, prevention of infective endocarditis and post-splenectomy prophylaxis.
Module 10 encompasses various preventative and treatment guidelines in the context of malarial disease.
Module 11 focuses on female genital tract and obstetric infections. The infections discussed in this module include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), Bartholin's abscess, infections that may arise from sexual assaults and infections in obstetric practice.
In module 12, you will study the diagnosis and treatment of sexually-transmitted infections such as gonococcal infection, chlamydial infection, syphilis, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, trichomoniasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, genital warts, chancroid and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV).
Module 13 covers antibiotic prophylaxis for various surgical procedures such as, orthopedics, genitourinary surgery, cesarean sections, elective gynecological surgery, elective gastroduodenal and biliary surgery, appendicectomy and colorectal surgery, neurological surgery, oropharyngeal and thoracic surgery, vascular surgery, lower limb amputation, and prophylaxis for patients at risk of infective endocarditis.
Module 14 considers all types of major infections related to skin, muscles and bones. Other topics discussed in this module are soft tissue infections, septic arthritis and osteomyelitis.
Module 15 discusses acute bacterial conjunctivitis, trachoma, eyelid infections, corneal infections, dendritic corneal ulceration, ocular injuries, orbital cellulitis and ophthalmia neonatorum.
In this module, you will learn about dental infections such as acute dentoalveolar infections, pericoronitis, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, oral ulcers, candidiasis, facial fractures (involving mucus membranes), dentoalveolar surgery and alveolitis (dry socket).
Module 17 will teach you about the prescription of antimicrobial drugs for the children. All the children-associated cardiovascular system infections, respiratory system infections, gastrointestinal infections, central nervous system infections, urinary tract infections, skin, muscle and bone infections, as well as infant immunization schedules are discussed in this module.
In module 18, you are going to learn about some special infections, such as methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRSA) infections, and leptospirosis.
This module has been designed to provide general information on tuberculosis in light of the worldwide emergency declared by WHO in 1993. You will be provided with some important information about standard short course therapy for tuberculosis, treatment of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, treatment regimens in special situations and tuberculosis in children.
Module 20 focuses on conditions such as, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, herpes zoster (also called varicella-zoster virus or VZV infections), fungal skin infections, HIV-related diarrhea, and treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 'associated infections'.
Module 21 describes the treatment of anaphylaxis in adults and children.
As reflected clearly by the title, this module covers the use of antibiotics during pregnancy and breastfeeding periods.
Important: In order to access the completion certificate, the students need to complete the feedback, course evaluation and survey forms. Please click on the following links to submit these forms.

How It Works

Study Material

This self-paced course has been designed in a manner that enhances understanding of the core concepts and provides easy to access learning materials. The course uses a range of study material such as pre-recorded videos, lecture slides, quizzes and assignments, and is developed by a team of dedicated health education experts.

Getting Help

Connect with other students through the discussion forum, where you can easily discuss the course or debate the ideas. Need more help? Your instructors are also available online to answer any questions you might have.

Extend Your Career with a Verified Certificate

POLHN self-paced courses are recognised by Pacific Ministries of Health. Once you have successfully completed the course, you will receive an official certificate. This certificate can be used for credit to gain CPD points.

Course Questions & Answers

Course Summary

Course code: GAntU
Average module length: 1.5 hours
Total course time: 33 hours
Number of modules: 22
Institution: Ministry of Health, Government of Fiji
Subject: Treatment Guidelines for Antibiotic Use
Language: English
Mode: Self-paced
Status: Ongoing

Course Author

Pacific Health Systems

Division of Pacific Technical Support

World Health Organisation | Division of Pacific Technical Support | Suva, Fiji

POLHN has dedicated public health professionals in its DPS research team who have decade long experiences in Health Security and Emergencies, NCDs and Health Through the Life course, and Health Systems.

Course Focal Point

Pacific Health Systems

Technical Support

POLHN IT Support Team

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