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Guidelines for Antibiotics Use

INSTITUTION

Ministry of Health, Government of Fiji

SUBJECT

Treatment Guidelines for Antibiotic Use

MODULES

22

courses

The course is based upon the Antibiotic Drug Guidelines (3rd Edition, 2011), formulated by Fiji's Ministry of Health. The guidelines essentially represent an attempt to rationalize the use of antibiotics available on Fiji's Essential Drugs Formulary (EMF), and to establish pharmacological consistency in the treatment of various infectious diseases.

The course is based upon the Antibiotic Drug Guidelines (3rd Edition, 2011), formulated by Fiji's Ministry of Health. The guidelines essentially represent an attempt to rationalize the use of antibiotics available on Fiji's Essential Drugs Formulary (EMF), and to establish pharmacological consistency in the treatment of various infectious diseases. All recommended therapies are either evidence-based or universally accepted. However, it should be noted that treatments may vary according to individual clinical features presenting for a patient, and therefore, should be modified to suit local conditions and environment.The main aim of the course is to present the existing information (Antibiotic Drug Guidelines) in a more user-friendly manner through the breakdown of information into easy to manage modules. Moreover, in order to enhance the learning experience of the user (health worker/student), and to ensure a superior visual experience, relevant infographics and images related to disease conditions have been added where possible.

After completion of the course, the students shall be able to understand:

  • Cardiovascular System Infections
  • Respiratory Tract Infections (Upper and Lower)
  • Gastrointestinal and Intra-Abdominal Infections
  • Central Nervous System Infections
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Septicemia & Generalized Infections
  • Non-Surgical (Medical) Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Malaria
  • Female Genital Tract and Obstetric Infections
  • Sexually-transmitted Infections (STIs)
  • Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Skin, Muscle and Bone Infections
  • Eye Infections
  • Dental Infections
  • Infections in Children
  • Special Infections
  • Treatment of Tuberculosis
  • Opportunistic Infections of HIV
  • Treatment of Anaphylaxis
  • Antibiotic Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Getting Started
The main aim of the course is to present the existing information (Antibiotic Drug Guidelines) in a more user-friendly manner through the breakdown of information into easy to manage modules. Moreover, in order to enhance the learning experience of the user (Health worker/Student) and for a superior visual experience, relevant infographics and images related to disease conditions have been added where possible.The course has been divided into 22 modules, and the successful completion of all 22 modules is mandatory for the award of certificate. If you have any queries, please feel free to raise them in the discussion forum. 
Module - 1: Introduction to Antimicrobials
Module 1 provides a general introduction to antimicrobials (antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal agents), available on Fiji's Essential Drugs Formulary.
Module - 2: Antibiotics Use - General Guidelines
Module 2 provides general guidelines for the responsible use of antibiotic drugs. You will also learn about the prudent use principles for antibiotics, treatment guidelines and prophylactic use of antibiotics.
Module - 3: Cardiovascular System Infections
Module 3 discusses the bacterial/infective endocarditis. Moreover, empirical therapy, specific therapy, and monitoring of antibiotic therapies associated with endocarditis are discussed.
Module - 4: Respiratory Tract Infections
Module 4 explores acute upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory tract infections.
Module - 5: Gastrointestinal & Intra-abdominal Infections
Module 5 explores the infections like candidial esophagitis, diarrheal diseases, bacterial infections, parasitic infections, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, typhoid/paratyphoid fever, intra-abdominal infections, Helicobacter pylori Infections, and worms (helminths).
Module - 6: Central Nervous System (CNS) Infections
This module considers acute bacterial meningitis, brain abscess, epidural abscess, herpes simplex encephalitis, and toxoplasma encephalitis.
Module - 7: Urinary Tract Infections
The main purpose of this module is to focus on the urinary infections like lower and upper urinary tract infections, recurrent urinary tract infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infection. Module 7 also provides information about asymptomatic bacteriuria, chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute epididymo-orchitis, and candiduria.
Module - 8: Septicemia and Generalized Infections
Module 8 explores empirical therapy in scenarios, where no obvious source of infection is found and when there is a clinically-apparent source is present.
Module - 9: Non-Surgical (Medical) Antibiotic Prophylaxis
In module 9, you will learn about immunization of hepatitis B, HIV post needle-stick injury prophylaxis, meningococcal and Hemophilus influenzae meningitis. This module will also briefly describe the prevention of recurrence of rheumatic fever, prevention of infective endocarditis and post-splenectomy prophylaxis.
Module - 10: Malaria
Module 10 encompasses various preventative and treatment guidelines in the context of malarial disease.
Module - 11: Female Genital Tract and Obstetric Infections
Module 11 focuses on female genital tract and obstetric infections. The infections discussed in this module include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), Bartholin's abscess, infections that may arise from sexual assaults and infections in obstetric practice.
Module - 12: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
In module 12, you will study the diagnosis and treatment of sexually-transmitted infections such as gonococcal infection, chlamydial infection, syphilis, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, trichomoniasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, genital warts, chancroid and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV).
Module - 13: Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Module 13 covers antibiotic prophylaxis for various surgical procedures such as, orthopedics, genitourinary surgery, cesarean sections, elective gynecological surgery, elective gastroduodenal and biliary surgery, appendicectomy and colorectal surgery, neurological surgery, oropharyngeal and thoracic surgery, vascular surgery, lower limb amputation, and prophylaxis for patients at risk of infective endocarditis.
Module - 14: Skin, Muscle and Bone Infections
Module 14 considers all types of major infections related to skin, muscles and bones. Other topics discussed in this module are soft tissue infections, septic arthritis and osteomyelitis.
Module - 15: Eye Infections
Module 15 discusses acute bacterial conjunctivitis, trachoma, eyelid infections, corneal infections, dendritic corneal ulceration, ocular injuries, orbital cellulitis and ophthalmia neonatorum.
Module - 16: Dental Infections
In this module, you will learn about dental infections such as acute dentoalveolar infections, pericoronitis, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, oral ulcers, candidiasis, facial fractures (involving mucus membranes), dentoalveolar surgery and alveolitis (dry socket).
Module - 17: Infections in Children
Module 17 will teach you about the prescription of antimicrobial drugs for the children. All the children-associated cardiovascular system infections, respiratory system infections, gastrointestinal infections, central nervous system infections, urinary tract infections, skin, muscle and bone infections, as well as infant immunization schedules are discussed in this module.
Module - 18: Special Infections
In module 18, you are going to learn about some special infections, such as methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRSA) infections, and leptospirosis.
Module - 19: Treatment of Tuberculosis
This module has been designed to provide general information on tuberculosis in light of the worldwide emergency declared by WHO in 1993. You will be provided with some important information about standard short course therapy for tuberculosis, treatment of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, treatment regimens in special situations and tuberculosis in children.
Module - 20: Opportunistic Infections in HIV
Module 20 focuses on conditions such as, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, herpes zoster (also called varicella-zoster virus or VZV infections), fungal skin infections, HIV-related diarrhea, and treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 'associated infections'.
Module - 21: Treatment of Anaphylaxis
Module 21 describes the treatment of anaphylaxis in adults and children.
Module - 22: Antibiotic Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
As reflected clearly by the title, this module covers the use of antibiotics during pregnancy and breastfeeding periods.

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Course Questions & Answers

Can't find the answers you're looking for? Get in touch with POLHN! Contact us here and we will respond to your enquiry as soon as possible.
Yes, this course has recommended and additional readings. These can all be easily accessed on Moodle.
There is no time limit for completing this IPC self-paced course. POLHN recommends spending about 4 hours per week over the period of 6 weeks.
Once you enrol yourself into this course on Moodle you will have access to all the lectures and assignments.
Once you successfully complete your course by completing all the modules and passing all the assessment, your certificate will be automatically generated and sent to your email. You can also access all your certificates through our online certificate verification system here: https://polhn.org/verify. If you are having any problems accessing your certificate, simply email us at support@polhn.org and we will help you.

Study Material

This self-paced course has been designed in a manner that enhances understanding of the core concepts and provides easy to access learning materials. The course uses a range of study material such as pre-recorded videos, lecture slides, quizzes and assignments, and is developed by a team of dedicated health education experts.


Getting Help

Connect with other students through the discussion forum, where you can easily discuss the course or debate the ideas. Need more help? Your instructors are also available online to answer any questions you might have.


Extend Your Career with a Verified Certificate

POLHN self-paced courses are recognised by Pacific Ministries of Health. Once you have successfully completed the course, you will receive an official certificate. This certificate can be used for credit to gain CPD points.

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The course is based on the Antibiotic Drug Guidelines by Fiji's Ministry of Health. These assist in explaining the use of antibiotics in treating various infectious diseases.

Guidelines for Antibiotics Use

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