Chat with us, powered by LiveChat

Emergency Drug Guidelines


National Drugs and Therapeutics Committee - Ministry of Health


Emergency Drug Guidelines




This course has been designed keeping in view the second edition of the Emergency Drug Guidelines {developed by National Drugs and Therapeutics Committee (NDTC), Fiji}. The course is targeted at health care professionals, student and health workers working in hospitals and in the primary health care settings.

This course has been designed keeping in view  the second edition of the Emergency Drug Guidelines {developed by National Drugs and Therapeutics Committee (NDTC), Fiji}. The course is targeted at health care professionals, student and health workers working in hospitals and in the primary health care settings. It should be noted that the drugs recommended in the course are pertinent to those available on Fiji's Essential Medicines Formulary (EMF). However, drug therapy should always be adjusted to the individual patient situation, as it does not cover all contraindications or dosage alterations in special situations.

After completing this Emergency Drug Guidelines course (offline version is also available), students will be able to: 

  • Understand Common Medicine Used in Emergencies.
  • Learn Clinical Use, Adverse/Side Effects, Contraindications and Dosage of the Emergency Drugs.
  • How to Effectively Respond to Emergencies Such as, Cardiac, Respiratory and Neurological Emergencies.
  • Administrative Measures to be Taken in Emergencies.

Getting Started

Based on the second edition of the Emergency Drug Guidelines, developed by National Drugs and Therapeutics Committee (NDTC), Fiji, the course is targeted at health care professionals working in hospitals as well as in the primary health care settings.

The course is divided into 8 modules, and a certificate will be awarded upon successful completion of these modules. If you have any queries, please feel free to raise them in the discussion forum

Module - 1: Emergency Drugs
Module 1 includes the general description on common drugs/medicines used in emergency conditions. You will learn about the clinical use, adverse/side effects, contraindications and dosages and administration of the emergency drugs. The types of drugs include local anesthetics, sedatives and induction agents, anticholinergics, opioid analgesics, antiemetics, corticosteroids, antiepileptics, antiarrhyhthmics, antihypertensives, inotropic agents, diuretics, muscle relaxants, neuroleptics, anti-asthma drugs, intravenous fluids, and drugs for tetanus.

Module - 2: Cardiovascular Emergencies
Module 2 covers the detailed information on the management of heart conditions in emergencies. The critical conditions discussed in this module are cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock. unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, acute pulmonary edema and hypertensive emergencies. Moreover, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) procedure has been explained.

Module - 3: Respiratory Emergencies
This particular module focuses on emergency treatment of respiratory emergencies such as, asthma, exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, croup, as well as administration of epiglottis oxygen therapy.

Module - 4: Neurologic Emergencies
In module 4, the discussion concerns emergency drug treatments of seizures, migraine, oculogyric crisis, tetanus, and acute bacterial meningitis in adults.

Module - 5: Poisoning and Overdoses
In module 5, the discussion is centered around general amanagement principles involving cases of poisoning and overdosing emergencies, and treatment guidlines for specific poisons and overdoses.

Module - 6: Endocrine Emergencies
Modules 6 discusses endocrine system emergencies, and treatment of endocrine disorders such as diabetic ketoacidosis(DKA), hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS), adrenal insufficiency, hypoglycemia, thyroid storm, myxedema coma (hypothyroid crisis), and pheochromocytoma.

Module - 7: Fluid and Electrolyte Emergencies
Module 7 covers emergency treatment guidelines for fluid and electrolyte emergencies such as, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia fluid resuscitation principles.

Module - 8: Miscellaneous Emergencies
Module 8 discusses emergency treatment guidelines for anaphylaxis, pre-eclampsia, septic shock and acute psychosis.

Pacific Health Systems

POLHN has dedicated public health professionals in its DPS research team who have decade long experiences in Health Security and Emergencies, NCDs and Health Through the Life course, and Health System
View more

Course Questions & Answers

Can't find the answers you're looking for? Get in touch with POLHN! Contact us here and we will respond to your enquiry as soon as possible.
Yes, this course has recommended and additional readings. These can all be easily accessed on Moodle.
There is no time limit for completing this course. POLHN recommends spending about 4 hours per week over the period of 6 weeks.
Once you enrol yourself into this course on Moodle you will have access to all the lectures and assignments.
Once you successfully complete your course by completing all the modules and passing all the assessment, your certificate will be automatically generated and sent to your email. You can also access all your certificates through our online certificate verification system here: If you are having any problems accessing your certificate, simply email us at and we will help you.

Study Material

This self-paced course has been designed in a manner that enhances understanding of the core concepts and provides easy to access learning materials. The course uses a range of study material such as pre-recorded videos, lecture slides, quizzes and assignments, and is developed by a team of dedicated health education experts.

Getting Help

Connect with other students through the discussion forum, where you can easily discuss the course or debate the ideas. Need more help? Your instructors are also available online to answer any questions you might have.

Extend Your Career with a Verified Certificate

POLHN self-paced courses are recognised by Pacific Ministries of Health. Once you have successfully completed the course, you will receive an official certificate. This certificate can be used for credit to gain CPD points.

Request more info

Based on the Emergency Drug Guidelines by the National Drugs and Therapeutics Committee, Fiji, this course is targeted at health professionals working in hospitals as well as in the primary health care settings.

Emergency Drug Guidelines

Recommended Courses

Want to try something new? Take a look at some of our new certified courses and boost your knowledge!

Family Planning and HIV Service Integration

Ongoing 3-4 hours

This course explains the benefits of integrating family planning into HIV services and describes how HIV care providers can help their clients make informed reproductive health decisions.

Infection Prevention and Control

Ongoing 2-3 hours

This course offers training to health care professionals regarding basic concepts of infection prevention and control and gives an overview of nosocomial infections and precautions to avoid their spread.

Infection Prevention and Control (Advanced)

Ongoing 2 - 3 hours

This course explains implementation of infection prevention and control measures in health care settings, management of high-risk settings, surveillance, outbreak investigations, supervision and monitoring.