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Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines


Ministry of Health and Medical Services, Government of Fiji


Therapeutic Guidelines - Cardiovascular




This course provides a gentle introduction to the CVD and risk factors involve and their assessment. This course has a strong focus on accurate diagnosis and management of CVD diseases. This course also covers Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines.

This comprehensive online course has been designed based on the 3rd edition of the Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines developed by the  Ministry of Health and Medical Services, Government of Fiji, under Fiji Health Sector Support Program (FHSSP) funded by Australian Government. These guidelines are targeted for healthcare professionals working in hospitals and in the primary health care settings. By following a holistic approach, these standard treatment guidelines work as the gold standards for management of cardiovascular diseases. These guidelines incorporate both pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological aspects of treatment of cardiovascular diseases to provide the learners with comprehensive treatment options for their patients. The third edition of these guidelines is based on the Australian Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines, Version 6, 2012.

After completing this online Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines, you will be able to:

  • Cardiovascular risk assessment using the World Health Organization (WHO)  risk assessment chart and adapting the WHO PEN (Package of Essential Noncommunicable Disease Interventions for Primary Health Care) protocols.
  • Behavioural risk factor modification by addressing: smoking, nutrition, alcohol,  physical activity, and stress (SNAPS) to reduce the risk of CVD.
  • A section on acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease.
  • ECG images of tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmias for easy reference and recognition.
  • Management of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), arterial and venous thromboembolism, and anticoagulation.
  • Perioperative and periprocedural management of patients with CVD in noncardiac surgery.
  • Advice on when to refer the patient to the next level of health care.

Getting Started
This course provides a gentle introduction to the CVD and risk factors involve and their assessment. This course has a strong focus on accurate diagnosis and management of CVD diseases. This course also covers Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines.
Module - 1: Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Module 1 presents an introduction to the patients with established cardiovascular disease and patients without established cardiovascular disease. It also explains WHO cardiovascular risk assessment, important practice points and intervention according to cardiovascular risk assessment.
Module - 2: Behavioural Risk Factor Modification
As the name indicates, Module 2 explains about behavioural risk factor modification which is smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, physical activity and stress.
Module - 3: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and CVD Risk
Module 3 is concerned with the Type 2 diabetes mellitus, overweight & obesity and CVD risk.
Module - 4: Hypertension and CVD Risk
Module 4 is concerned with hypertension and CVD Risk. It also explains causes of hypertension, lowering blood pressure, guidelines for selecting initial drug treatment of hypertension. This module also covers Hypertension in patients with kidney disease, hypertensive emergency (urgent blood pressure reduction), monitoring, resistant hypertension, hypertension in children and hypertension in pregnancy.
Module - 5: Dyslipidaemia and CVD Risk
As the name indicates, module 5 is all about dyslipidaemia and CVD Risk, measurement of lipids, pharmacological and non- pharmacological management and target lipid level.
Module - 6: Coronary Heart Disease and CVD Risk
Module 6 is concerned with the coronary heart disease and CVD Risk. It also explains about acute coronary syndromes, non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome, management of complications following myocardial infarction, secondary prevention of cardiovascular events post ACS, lifestyle modification and cardiac rehabilitation programs.
Module - 7: Stable Angina and CVD Risk and Pericardial Disease and CVD Risk
This module covers management of stable angina and treatment of acute episodes of angina.
Module - 8: Heart Failure and CVD Risk
As the name indicates, Module 8 explains about heart failure and CVD Risk, causes and specific therapies, precipitating and exacerbating factors, pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of heart failure, acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema and Arrhythmias in heart failure.
Module - 9: Acute Management of Arrhythmias
Module 9 is concerned with the accurate diagnosis, underlying abnormalities and causes, medical emergency/instability conditions requiring urgent electrical cardioversion, heart rate and instability, cardiac arrest algorithm, modified initial management of any tachycardia algorithm and acute management of stable wide complex tachycardia.
Module - 10: Tachyarrhythmias and Bradyarrhythmias
This module covers tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmias. Also explains about sinus tachycardia, atrial tachyarrhythmias, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, torsades de pointes and also covers management of bradyarrhythmias.
Module - 11: Rheumatic Heart Disease
As the name indicates, Module 11 explains about rheumatic heart disease, RHD prevalence in Fiji, general guidelines for management of RHD, acute rheumatic fever and management of established ARF.
Module - 12: Peripheral Arterial Disease
Module 12 is concerned with the atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease and raynaud phenomenon.
Module - 13: Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosisand Pulmonary Embolism
As the name indicates, Module 13 explains about vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. It also explains about deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, prevention of venous thromboembolism, recommendations for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and Specific issues related to prophylaxis.
Module - 14: Perioperative and Periprocedural Management of Patients with CVD in N
This module covers cardiac risk assessment, perioperative cardiac management and perioperative management in different conditions.
Module - 15: Antithrombotic Therapy
Module 15 is concerned with the antithrombotic therapy, anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs.
Module - 16: Patient Education and Self-Management of Drug Therapy
This module covers medication list, specific education for antithrombotic drugs, adherence to drug therapy and lifestyle changes before initiating drug therapy for CVD and measures to improve adherence to drug therapy.

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POLHN has dedicated public health professionals in its DPS research team who have decade long experiences in Health Security and Emergencies, NCDs and Health Through the Life course, and Health System
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Course Questions & Answers

Can't find the answers you're looking for? Get in touch with POLHN! Contact us here and we will respond to your enquiry as soon as possible.
Yes, this course has recommended and additional readings. These can all be easily accessed on Moodle.
There is no time limit for completing this course. POLHN recommends spending about 4 hours per week over the period of 6 weeks.
Once you enrol yourself into this course on Moodle you will have access to all the lectures and assignments.
Once you successfully complete your course by completing all the modules and passing all the assessment, your certificate will be automatically generated and sent to your email. You can also access all your certificates through our online certificate verification system here: If you are having any problems accessing your certificate, simply email us at and we will help you.

Study Material

This self-paced course has been designed in a manner that enhances understanding of the core concepts and provides easy to access learning materials. The course uses a range of study material such as pre-recorded videos, lecture slides, quizzes and assignments, and is developed by a team of dedicated health education experts.

Getting Help

Connect with other students through the discussion forum, where you can easily discuss the course or debate the ideas. Need more help? Your instructors are also available online to answer any questions you might have.

Extend Your Career with a Verified Certificate

POLHN self-paced courses are recognised by Pacific Ministries of Health. Once you have successfully completed the course, you will receive an official certificate. This certificate can be used for credit to gain CPD points.

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This course provides an introduction to the Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines, risk factors and their assessment. It has a strong focus on accurate diagnosis, management of CVD diseases as well as cardiovascular therapeutic guidelines.

Cardiovascular Therapeutic Guidelines

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